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英国温莎城堡旅游景点介绍

温莎城堡(英语:Windsor Castle),位于英国英格兰东南部区域伯克郡温莎-梅登黑德皇家自治市镇温莎,是世界上有人居住的城堡中最大的一个。温莎城堡之所以盛名远播,很大一部分原因是英王爱德华八世“不爱江山爱美人”的现代版传奇故事。作为王室的重要活动场所之...
一,温莎城堡还是国王为皇族、贵族等颁发爵位和封号的重要场所之一,其中最著名的就是“嘉德骑士”封号。城堡的地板面积大约有45,000平方公尺(484,000平方英呎)1。与伦敦的白金汉宫、爱丁堡的荷里路德宫(Holyrood Palace)一样,温莎城堡也是英国君主主要的行政官邸。现任的英国女王伊丽莎白二世每年有相当多的时间在温莎城堡度过,在这里进行国家或是私人的娱乐活动。整个温莎城堡可以分为上区、中区和下区。在城堡中须依照一定路线参观。上区主要有13世纪的法庭、滑铁卢厅和圣乔治厅、女王交谊厅(queens ballroom)等房间。另外一旁是玛丽皇后玩偶屋(queen marys dolls house)。其中滑铁卢厅又称宴会厅,初建于13世纪,因室内主要陈列参与滑铁卢战役,击败拿破仑而立下赫赫战功的英国将领们的肖像而得名。这座宴会厅还是英国王室举办重大过动的主要场所之一。当年著名的戏剧大师莎士比亚的名剧《温莎的风流娘儿们》就是在此厅首演的。温莎城堡中区最明显的标志是玫瑰花园围绕的圆塔(round tower)为主。它最初是由木材建造,到了1170年亨利二世以石材重建。1660年以前,圆塔是关押王室政敌的监狱,现在则主要用语保存王室文献和摄影收藏。而每当女王来到温莎堡,这里便会升起英国皇室的旗帜。下区主要有圣乔治礼拜堂、爱伯特纪念礼拜堂等建筑。圣乔治礼拜堂(st. georges chapel)是温莎城堡的建筑经典,豪华的哥德式建筑,以细致艳丽的彩绘玻璃著称,有10位英国王室埋葬于此爱伯特纪念礼拜堂紧邻圣乔治礼拜堂,初建于1240年,为晚期垂直式样的哥特式礼拜堂,在1863年改建为爱伯特王子的纪念礼拜堂。周边漫游:温莎城堡向南就是这里另外一处著名的景点——温莎公园。这里是一个占地5000多英亩的大公园,它曾经是王室的狩猎苑,花园内都是自然景观,少见人工建筑,处处是静寂的绿地和森林,一些小动物穿梭其间,十分惬意。园中有一条向南的林荫,连接着著名的阿斯科特赛马场(Ascot),在这里每年都会举办皇家四天赛马会。隔着泰晤士河对岸有一座拥有著名的伊顿中学名校的伊顿镇。怎么去温莎城堡:温莎城堡位于英国泰晤士(Thames )河畔,距离伦敦市中心约32公里。旅客可从伦敦乘搭火车或巴士前往。火车可在滑铁卢(Waterloo )站上车。租车旅游者则可取道M4公路,在第 6 个出口处下交流道,循交通标志前往。参观温莎堡约需两小时。温莎堡所在的小镇是个非常适合度假歇脚的地方,旅客不妨下榻那里的旅馆,既可就近到温莎堡参观,又能以此为中心前往邻近小镇游玩。开放时间:4月~10月10:00~17:30,11月~3月10:00~15:00票价:10英镑交通:火车:从london waterloo或paddington到windsor;绿色线路:700,701,702,703
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